Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food for energy. In Type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults. In Type 2 diabetes, the body does not properly use insulin. Type 2 diabetes is usually diagnosed in middle-aged and older adults.
Gum disease, or periodontal disease, is an infection of the gums that occurs when bacteria accumulate under the gum line. When diabetes is present, blood sugar levels are higher, and the body's natural ability to fight infection is reduced. Both of these factors can increase your risk for gum disease. If you have diabetes, it is important to schedule regular checkups with your dentist, brush twice a day with toothpaste to fight plaque and tartar buildup and fight gingivitis by brushing for two minutes each time.
Patients who suffer from diabetes are at an increased risk of developing oral health complications due to the way the disease affects blood vessels, nerves, gums, and bones.
Studies have shown that people with diabetes are more likely to develop conditions like dry mouth, which can increase the risk of cavities. This is especially problematic because dry mouth allows plaque to develop faster on teeth. Plaque buildup can lead to tooth decay as well as gum disease, and even tooth loss. A dry mouth can also cause bad breath.
Another common problem associated with diabetes is gingivitis. This disease affects the gum tissue, causing swollen, red, or bleeding gums that frequently bleed during brushing or flossing. If left untreated, it can eventually lead to periodontitis which can cause tooth mobility and eventual tooth loss.
Some of the other common oral health issues caused by diabetes include fungal infections in the mouth, ulcers on the gum line, yeast infections, canker sores, cold sore outbreaks, and a weakened immune system which can lead to a higher risk of infections like thrush.
It is important to see your dentist regularly if you have diabetes to treat any oral infections or diseases that may form. Your dentist can also talk to you about ways you can improve your oral hygiene routine to prevent more serious complications.
At Arizona Dental, we ensure to provide each of our patients with a positive and relaxing experience. If you're ready to experience the best dental care, please contact us from your nearest location. We will be happy to guide you further.